Health Services

Infectious Disease Reporting

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Infectious Disease Reporting

The Gila County Communicable Disease Program helps to assure the health of Gila County through surveillance, investigation, prevention, and reporting of infectious diseases. The Gila County Public Health Department’s nurses maintain close surveillance for communicable diseases in Gila County, working closely with local hospitals, nursing homes, laboratories, school nurses, the county jail and local physicians. Evaluation, diagnosis, verification and follow-up on reports of food and water borne illness, rabies exposure, lyme disease, tuberculosis, sexually transmitted diseases and vaccine preventable diseases are conducted. The Gila County Environmental Health Services, Animal Care & Control and Communicable Disease staff work closely with our nurses to identify and eliminate areas of potential problems.

What is a communicable or infectious disease?

Communicable or infectious diseases are illnesses that you may get if you have contact with people, animals, insects, surfaces, foods, water, or air that contain infectious materials. Infectious diseases are the leading cause of sickness and death worldwide and the third leading cause of death in the United States. Click here for more information on diseases and conditions from the Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

How do I recognize an infectious disease?

Recognizing signs and symptoms of infectious diseases can help reduce the spread of infectious diseases. Visit our Infectious Disease Recognition page on our ReadyGila website.

What do our Communicable Disease Reporting staff do?

  • Gather reports of diseases in Gila County
  • Conduct interviews to determine source and possible spread of infection
  • Provide education to the public and healthcare practitioners about prevention of diseases
  • Provide recommendations for treatment and isolation

Who is required to report a Communicable Disease?

The following health care professionals are mandated under the Arizona Administrative Codes R9-6-202, R9-6-203, and R9-6-204 to report suspected or confirmed communicable disease: Medical Provider (R9-6-202a), Administrator of a Health Care Institution or Correctional Facility (R-6-202b), Administrator of a School, Child Care Establishment, or Shelter (R9-6-203), and Clinical Laboratories (R9-6-204).

Reporting requirements

How to Report

If you are a provider and have a communicable disease to report, you may download the Communicable Disease Reporting Form (PDF), complete it, and fax it to the Gila County Public Health Department at (928) 425-0794. Click here for a list of reportable communicable diseases.

Healthcare facilities may also report cases of communicable disease through web entry using Arizona's Medical Electronic Disease Surveillance Intelligence System (MEDSIS). Click here for more information.

Disease Information & Fact Sheets

Camplylobacter (Camplylogateriosis)

Campylobacter infection, or campylobacteriosis, is an infectious disease caused by Campylobacterbacteria. It is one of the most common causes of diarrheal illness in the United States. Campylobacter are bacteria that can make people and animals sick. Most human illness is caused by one species, called Campylobacter jejuni, but other species also can cause human illness. People with Campylobacter infection usually have diarrhea (often bloody), fever, and abdominal cramps. The diarrhea may be accompanied by nausea and vomiting. These symptoms usually start within two to five days after exposure and last about a week.

For preventive tips, click here.

Fact Sheets
Shigella Infections among Gay and Bisexual Men
Does your Child have Diarrhea?

Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever

Rocky Mountain spotted fever (RMSF) is a bacterial disease spread through the bite of an infected tick. Most people who get sick with RMSF will have a fever, headache, and rash. RMSF can be deadly if not treated early with the right antibiotic. It is is one of several diseases caused by the spotted fever group rickettsia, which are a type of bacteria.

For preventive tips, click here.
 

Infographic → Rocky Mountain Spotted Fever can be Deadly

Shigellosis

Shigellosis is an infectious disease caused by a group of bacteria called Shigella (shih-GEHL-uh). Most who are infected with Shigelladevelop diarrhea, fever, and stomach cramps starting a day or two after they are exposed to the bacteria. Shigellosis usually resolves in 5 to 7 days. Some people who are infected may have no symptoms at all, but may still pass the Shigella bacteria to others. 

For preventive tips, click here.

Tuberculosis (TB)

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. Not everyone infected with TB bacteria becomes sick. As a result, two TB-related conditions exist: latent TB infection (LTBI) and TB disease. If not treated properly, TB disease can be fatal.

Below are fact sheets on TB provided by CDC.

General Information [PDF] [HTML]
The Difference Between Latent TB Infection and TB Disease [PDF] [HTML]
Tuberculosis Information for Employers in Non-Healthcare Settings [PDF] [HTML]
Tuberculosis Information for International Travelers [PDF] [HTML]
Bovine TB in Humans [PDF] [HTML]

What is ZIKA?

According to the CDC,
  • Zika is spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito (Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus). These mosquitoes bite during the day and night.
  • Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus. Infection during pregnancy can cause certain birth defects.
  • There is no vaccine or medicine for Zika.
  • Local mosquito-borne Zika virus transmission has been reported in the continental United States.
 Learn more here.

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